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Unit 4: Volunteer Work

Unit 4: Volunteer Work

Unit 5: illiteracy – Nạn mù chữ

READING

Before you read

Read following saving and explain what it means. (Đọc câu nói sau và giải thích ý nghĩa của nó.)

“If you give me a fish.

I will eat today.

If you teach me to fish,

I will eat my whole life long.”

“Nếu bạn cho tôi một con cá Tôi sẽ ăn nó trong hôm nay Nếu bạn dạy tôi cách câu cá Tôi sẽ ăn cá suốt đời.”

This saying means that we should teach a person how to earn money or produce food rather than give them money or food in other word, we had better teach them a job than give them money.

While you read

Read the passage and the do the tasks the follow. (Đọc kĩ đoạn văn và làm bài tập sau đó.)

Unit 4: Volunteer Work

Unit 4: Volunteer Work

Task 1. The word “volunteer” appears in the passage in different parts of

speech. Use an appropriate form of the word volunteer to complete each of the following sentences. (Từ “volunteer” xuất hiện trong một đoạn trong các phần khác nhau của bài phát biểu. Sử dụng một hình thức thích hợp của từ “volunteer” để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau.)

1.  When she retired, she did a lot of………service for the Red Cross.

2.  She was not fired. She left the company……………

3.  She needs some……………to clean up the kitchen.

4.  Last month the company…………..to donate fifty trucks to help the flooded areas.

1. When she retired, she did a lot of voluntary service for the Red Cross.

2. She was not fired. She left the company voluntarily.

3. She needs some volunteer to clean up the kitchen.

4. Last month the company volunteered to donate fifty trucks to help the flooded areas.

Task 2. Choose the best answer from A, B, C or D for each of the following sentences. (Chọn câu trả lời tốt nhất từ A, B, C hoặc D cho mỗi câu sau.)

1. Volunteers usually help those who are sick or old in their homes by…………….

A. mowing the lawns, doing shopping and cleaning up their houses

B. cooking, sewing or washing their clothes

C. telling them stories, and singing and dancing for them

D. taking them to baseball games

2. Big Brothers is …………..

A. the name of a club

B. a home for children

C. the name of a film

D. an organization for boys who no longer haver fathers

3. Most of the boys’ and girls’ club use many high school and college students as volunteers because they…………..

A. have a lot of free time

B. can understand the problems of younger boys anh girls

C. know how to do the work

D. are good at playing game

4. Volunteers believe that…………….

A. in order to make others happy, they have to be unhappy

B. the happiest people are those who make themselves happy

C. the happiest people are those who are young and healthy

D. bringing happiness to others makes them the happiest people

5. The best title for the passage is……………..

A. Taking Care of Others

B. Voluntary Work in the United States

C. Volunteers: The Happiest People in the World

D. Helping Old and Sick People in the United States

1. A                2. D            3. B             4. D                5. B

Task 3. Ask and answer the questions. (Hỏi và trả lời các câu hỏi.)

1. What do high school and college students usually do as volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or homes for the aged?

-> They usually visit these places. They read books to the people there, play games with them or listen to their problems.

2. How do volunteers help disadvantaged and handicapped children to overcome their difficulties?

->They give care and comfort to them and help them to overcome their difficulties.

3. Where do students volunteer to work during summer vacations?

->  During summer vacations, they volunteer to work in remote or mountainous areas to provide education for children.

After you read

Work in groups. Discuss the question: Why do people do volunteer work? (Làm việc theo nhóm. Thảo luận câu hỏi: Tại sao người ta làm công việc tình nguyện?)

  • Why do people do solunteer work?
  • Have you done a volunteer work? What was it?
  • Are you going to do volunteer work when you are students in colleges? Why? Or why not?
  • LISTENING

    Before you listen

    Tick (V) the best answer to the questions that suit you. (Đánh dấu (V) câu trả lời tốt nhất cho các câu hỏi phù hợp với bạn.)

    1. How often do you support charities?

    regularly        from time to time            never

    2. What’s the best way of raising money to support charities?

    through donations           through taxes             through fund-raising activities

    3. Which of these kinds of volunteer work do you prefer?

    helping the elderly            helping the poor              helping the sick

    1. from time to time

    2. through fun raising activities

    3. all the kind of work

    TAPESCRIPT

    Spring School is an informal school. It provides classes to disadvantaged children in Ho Chi Minh City. Around 30 streets children live and study at the school and about 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 regularly attend classes.

    The Organisation for Educational Development co-operated with Spring School to set up English classes in 1998. Dance, theatre, singing and folk music classes were set up a year later. Children from these classes participate in fund raising performances. They raise money to continue their English and performance Arts classes.

    Spring School requires volunteers to help organize their fund raising dinner held annually in June. This is an exciting night in which children dance, sing and play music at one of the largest hotels in Ho Chi Minh City. They also need foreign volunteers to contact sponsors and help to expand the school activities. Volunteers are required from February until July to help organize these events.

    It is hope that more schools like Spring School will soon be found in other cities in Vietnam.

    While you listen

    Task 1. Listen and fill in the missing information. (Lắng nghe và điền thông tin còn thiếu.)

    1. Spring School is an informal school in Ho Chi Minh City.

    2. Around 30 streets children live and study at the school.

    3. About 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 regularly attend classes.

    4. Organization for Educational Development co-operated with Spring School to set up English classes in 1998.

    5. The school requires volunteers to help organise their fund-raisina dinner held annually in June.

    Task 2. Listen again and answer the questions. (Lắng nghe một lần nữa và trả lời các câu hỏi.)

    Click tại đây để nghe:

    1. What is the aim of Spring School?

    -> It provides classes to disadvantaged children in Ho Chi Minh City.

    2. What classes were set up in 1999?

    -> Dance, theatre, singing and folk music classes were set up in 1999.

    3. Why do children participate in fund-raising performances?

    -> Because they need money to continue their English and Performance Arts classes.

    4. Where do children dance, sing and play music?

    ->They dance, sing and play music at one of the largest hotels in Ho Chi Minh City.

    5. Why are foreign volunteers needed?

    -> Because the school needs help to contact sponsors and expand the school activities. After you listen

    Work in groups. Summarize the story about Spring School, using the given suggestions. (Tóm tắt câu chuyện về Spring School, bằng cách sử dụng những lời đề nghị đưa ra.)

    •      The aim of Spring School

    •      The number of children who live and study at the school or attend classes

    •      The activities the children at the school take part in

    •      The kinds of volunteers that Spring School requires

    1. What is the aim of Spring School?
    2. How many students live and study at the school?
    3. Which activities do the children at the school take part in?
    4. What kinds of volunteers does Spring School require?

    The aim of Spring School is to provide classes 10 disadvantaeed children in Ho Chi Minh City. Around 30 street children live and study at the school and about 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 attend classes. They take part in fund raising performances. Spring School requires foreign volunteers to contact sponsors and help to expand school activities.

  • Why do people do solunteer work?
  • Have you done a volunteer work? What was it?
  • Are you going to do volunteer work when you are students in colleges? Why? Or why not?
  • LISTENING

    Before you listen

    Tick (V) the best answer to the questions that suit you. (Đánh dấu (V) câu trả lời tốt nhất cho các câu hỏi phù hợp với bạn.)

    1. How often do you support charities?

    regularly        from time to time            never

    2. What’s the best way of raising money to support charities?

    through donations           through taxes             through fund-raising activities

    3. Which of these kinds of volunteer work do you prefer?

    helping the elderly            helping the poor              helping the sick

    1. from time to time

    2. through fun raising activities

    3. all the kind of work

    TAPESCRIPT

    Spring School is an informal school. It provides classes to disadvantaged children in Ho Chi Minh City. Around 30 streets children live and study at the school and about 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 regularly attend classes.

    The Organisation for Educational Development co-operated with Spring School to set up English classes in 1998. Dance, theatre, singing and folk music classes were set up a year later. Children from these classes participate in fund raising performances. They raise money to continue their English and performance Arts classes.

    Spring School requires volunteers to help organize their fund raising dinner held annually in June. This is an exciting night in which children dance, sing and play music at one of the largest hotels in Ho Chi Minh City. They also need foreign volunteers to contact sponsors and help to expand the school activities. Volunteers are required from February until July to help organize these events.

    It is hope that more schools like Spring School will soon be found in other cities in Vietnam.

    While you listen

    Task 1. Listen and fill in the missing information. (Lắng nghe và điền thông tin còn thiếu.)

    . Spring School is an informal school in Ho Chi Minh City.

    2. Around 30 streets children live and study at the school.

    3. About 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 regularly attend classes.

    4. Organization for Educational Development co-operated with Spring School to set up English classes in 1998.

    5. The school requires volunteers to help organise their fund-raisina dinner held annually in June.

    Task 2. Listen again and answer the questions. (Lắng nghe một lần nữa và trả lời các câu hỏi.)

    Click tại đây để nghe:

    1. What is the aim of Spring School?

    -> It provides classes to disadvantaged children in Ho Chi Minh City.

    2. What classes were set up in 1999?

    -> Dance, theatre, singing and folk music classes were set up in 1999.

    3. Why do children participate in fund-raising performances?

    -> Because they need money to continue their English and Performance Arts classes.

    4. Where do children dance, sing and play music?

    ->They dance, sing and play music at one of the largest hotels in Ho Chi Minh City.

    5. Why are foreign volunteers needed?

    -> Because the school needs help to contact sponsors and expand the school activities. After you listen

    Work in groups. Summarize the story about Spring School, using the given suggestions. (Tóm tắt câu chuyện về Spring School, bằng cách sử dụng những lời đề nghị đưa ra.)

    •      The aim of Spring School

    •      The number of children who live and study at the school or attend classes

    •      The activities the children at the school take part in

    •      The kinds of volunteers that Spring School requires

    1. What is the aim of Spring School?
    2. How many students live and study at the school?
    3. Which activities do the children at the school take part in?
    4. What kinds of volunteers does Spring School require?

    The aim of Spring School is to provide classes 10 disadvantaeed children in Ho Chi Minh City. Around 30 street children live and study at the school and about 250 children with special difficulties from District 1 attend classes. They take part in fund raising performances. Spring School requires foreign volunteers to contact sponsors and help to expand school activities.

  • SPEAKING

    Task 1. Work in pairs. Decide which of the following activities are volunteer work. (Làm việc theo cặp. Quyết định của các hoạt động sau đây là công việc tình nguyện.)

    •     Taking part in an excursion

    •     Helping people in remote or mountainous areas

    •     Giving care and comfort to the poor and the sick

    •     Participating in an English speaking club

    •     Providing education for disadvantaged children

    •     Joining the Green Saturday Movement

    1. Helping people in remote or mountainous areas.

    2. Giving care and comfort to the poor and the sick

    3. Providing education for disadvantaged children.

    4. Joining the Green Saturday Movement.

    Task 2. Work in pairs. Practise the dialogue and then make similar conversations, using the activities that follow. (Làm việc theo cập. Thực hành đối thoại và sau đó thực hiện một cuộc hội thoại tương tự, bằng cách sử dụng các hoạt động tiếp theo.)

    A: What kind of volunteer work are you participating in?

    B: We’re helping people in mountainous areas.

    A: What exactly are you doing?

    B: We’re teaching the children to read and write.

    A: Do you enjoy the work?

    B: Yes, I like helping people.

    Task 3. Work in groups. Talk about a kind of volunteer work your friends and usually do to help people. (Làm việc theo nhóm. Nói về một kiểu công việc bạn bè tình nguyện viên của bạn thường làm để giúp mọi người.)

    1. We usually take part in helping people in mountainous areas. We teach the children to read and write. We enjoy the work very much because we like helping people.

    2. We usually take part in helping disadvantaged or handicapped children. We teach the children to read and write, listen to their problems. play games with them and take them to places of interest.

  • WRITINGTask 1. Read the letter and underline the sentences that express ihe following points: (Đọc lá thư và nhấn mạnh các câu thể hiện những điểm sau đây.)

    1.  the opening of the letter

    2. the donated amount

    3. the way(s) the money is used

    4. the way the receipt is issued

    5. the aratitude to the donor

    6. the closing of the letter

    I’m happy to receive a donation of $500 from your company some days ago.

    + Formal ereetine: Dear Sir/ Madam

    + Complete sentences, full forms: I am very happy to…/I think that…./We will……

    + Formal expression: I would like to express …

    + Formal closing: Your faithfully/ Your sincerely.

    Some useful expressions:

    I am most urateful to you for…

    I would like to take this opportunity to thanks for…

    On behalf of… I would like to express our thanks for…

    e.g: On behalf of Trieu Son high school, I would like to express our thanks for your generous donation of $ 2000000. Your contribution makes it possible for us to build a new school library.

    Task 2. Imagine that you have just received a donation of one million dong from one of the local organizations to build your school library. Use the suggestions in Task 1 to write a letter to acknowledge the receipt of the donation and express vour gratitude. (Hãy tưởng tượng bạn vừa nhận được 1000000 đồng từ một trong các tổ chức địa phương để xây dựng thư viện trường học của bạn. Sử dụng những lời đề nghị trong Task 1 viết một lá thư để xác nhận các hiến tặng và bày tỏ lòng biết ơn của bạn.)

    Dear Sir/ Madam

    I’m very happy to have received a donation of one million dong from your organization some days ago. I think the money will help us to build our school library. We will certainly issue the receipt as soon as possible we can.

    I would like to express our thanks for the donation from your organization and hope to get more assistance and co-operation from yours in the future.

    I look forward to hearing from you soon.

    Yours faithfully.

  • LANGUAGE FOCUS

    Exercise 1. Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate gerund of the verbs from the box.

    spend             behave   wait        park

    start                bend       meet       listen

    e.g: He found that parking was difficult in that city.

    1. I have no objection to hearing to your story again.

    2. Touch your toes without bending your knees!

    3. You should be ashamed of yourself for behaving so badly.

    4. I am looking forward to meeting you.

    5. You can’t prevent him from spending his own money.

    6. Would you mind waiting for a moment?

    7. In spite of starting late, we arrived in time.

    Exercise 2. Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate present participle of the verbs from the box.

    Lie            modernize              shop               pass              prepare

    Rise          try                            read               bum

    e.g: I saw him…………..my house.

    —> I saw him passing my house.

    1. She smelt something burning and saw smoke rising.

    2. If she catches you reading her diary, she’ll be furious.

    3. They found a tree lying across the road.

    4. I’m going shopping this afternoon.

    5. He doesn’t spend much time preparing his lessons.

    6. They wasted the whole afternoon trying to repair the bike.

    7. They spend a lot of money modernizing the house.

    Exercise 3. Put the verbs in brackets into the perfect gerund or perfect participle.

    e.g: He was accused of……………(desert) his ship two months ago.

    —> He was accused of having deserted his ship two months ago.

    1. I object to him having made calls on the office phone.

    2. Having been  his own boss for such a long time, he found it hard to accept orders from another.

    3. They denied having been there.

    4. Having tied one end of the rope to his bed, he threw the other end out of the window.

    5. Having read the instruction, he snatched up the fire extinguisher.

    6. The children admitted having taken the money.

  • Unit 4: Volunteer Work

Thảo luận cho bài: Unit 4: Volunteer Work