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Unit 8: The Story of My Village

THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE

Unit 9: Undersea World

I.Reported speech: Statements.

Ex1:Tom says “I am a student”.

=> Tom says (that) he is a student.

Ex2:Ha says to me “I am a student now”.

=> Ha tells me (that) she is a student now.

Ex3: Minh said “Iam a teacher now”.

=> Minh said (that) hewas a teacher then.

THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE

THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE

*Notes:

  1. Reporting verb in Simple present, present continuous, present perfect and simple future. (Tenses of the verbs: not
    changed).
  2. Reporting verb in Simple past: (Tenses of the verbs: Changed).

Direct speech
Indirect speech

– Present (simple/ continuous)  => Past (simple/ continuous)

– Past (simple/ continuous)       => Past perfect (simple/ continuous)

– Past (simple/ continuous)       => Past perfect (simple/ continuous)

– Present perfect                        => Past perfect

– will/ shall/ can / may…+V1  => would / should / could / might + V1

– Past perfect: not changed.

  1. say(s) to +  O   =>  tell(s) + O

said to    + O     => told   + O

  1. Rules of changing Personal pronouns, possessive adjectives and pronounce.

– 1st persons: changed as the S of the reporting verb.

– 2nd person: changed as the O of the reporting verb.

– 3rd person: not changed.

  1. Ways of Changing.

– here                                  => there

– this                                   => that

– these                                 => those

– now                                  => then

– tonight                              => that night

– today                                 => that day

– tomorrow                          => the next day/the following day

– yesterday                          => the day before/the previous day

– ago                                    =>before

– last + N                             => the previous+ N

– next + N
=> the following  + n

– the day before yesterday   => two days before

– the day after tomorrow     => in two days’ time

THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE

THE STORY OF MY VILLAGE

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