Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6: The receptionist, ______ answered the phone, told me that the director was out.
Question 7: Changes have been made in our primary schooling program. As a result, young children ______ do homework any more.
Question 8: ______ the salesman promised to exchange the defective CD player for a new one, they insisted on getting a refund.
Question 9: The headmaster has decided that three lecture halls ______ in our school next semester.
Question 10: Although MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) spreads through close contact with sick people, not through the air, many people still avoid ______ to crowded places.
Question 11: Students will not be allowed into the exam room if they ______ their student cards.
Question 12: A large number of inventions and discoveries have been made ______ accident.
Question 13: When asked about their preference for movies, many young people say that they are in favour ______ science fiction.
Question 14: A molecule of water is ______ of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.
Question 15: Jane really loves the ______ jewelry box that her parents gave her as a birthday present.
Question 16: Global warming will result ______ crop failures and famine.
Question 17: John has finally found a new job after being ______ for three months.
Question 18: Nguyen Thi Anh Vien performed so well in the 28th Sea Games women’s 200m butterfly that none of her rivals could ______ her.
Question 19: After the new technique had been introduced, the factory produced ______ cars in 2014 as the year before.
Question 20: It is ______ of businessmen to shake hands in formal meetings.
Question 21: Such characters as fairies or witches in Walt Disney animated cartoons are purely ______.
Question 22: ______ at school yesterday when we were informed that there was no class due to a sudden power cut.
A. We had arrived hardly
Question 23: Mike and Lane are university students. They are talking about Lane’s upcoming high-school reunion. Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank.
Mike: “So, you have your fifth high-school reunion coming up?” Lane: “______”
A. Oh, the school reunion was wonderful.
Question 24: Ken and Tom are high-school students. They are discussing where their study group will meet.
Select the most suitable response to fill in the blank. Ken: “Where is our study group going to meet next weekend?” Tom: “______”
A. We are too busy on weekdays.
Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
When Susan invited us to dinner, she really showed off her culinary talents. She prepared a feast – a huge selection of dishes that were simply mouth-watering.
Suddenly, it began to rain heavily, so all the summer hikers got drenched all over.
“It’s no use talking to me about metaphysics. It’s a closed book to me.”
Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
It is common knowledge that solar heating for a large office building is technically different from a single-family home.
The number of homeless people in Nepal have increased sharply due to the recent severe earthquake.
All the candidates for the scholarship will be equally treated regarding of their age, sex, or nationality.
Since poaching is becoming more seriously, the government has imposed stricter laws to prevent it.
Reminding not to miss the 15:20 train, the manager set out for the station in a hurry.
Read the following passage and choose the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 33 to 42.
Library is a collection of books and other informational materials made available to people for reading, study, or reference. The word library comes (33)______ liber, the Latin word for “book”. (34)______, library collections have almost always contained a variety of materials. Contemporary libraries maintain collections that include not only printed materials such as manuscripts, books, newspapers, and magazines, (35)______ audio-visual and online databases. In addition (36)______ maintaining collections within library buildings, modern libraries often feature telecommunications links that provide users with access to information at remote sites.
The central mission of a library (37)______ to collect, organize, preserve, and provide access to knowledge and information. In fulfilling this mission, libraries preserve a valuable record of culture that can be passed down to (38)______ generations. Libraries are an essential link in this communication between the past, present, and future. Whether the cultural record is contained in books or in electronic formats, libraries ensure (39)______ the record is preserved and made available for later use.
People use library resources to gain information about personal (40)______ or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use libraries to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn (41)______ in locating sources of information, and to develop good reading and study habits. Public officials use libraries to research legislation and public policy issues. One of the most valued of all cultural institutions, the library (42) ______ information and services that are essential to learning and progress.
From “Library (institution)” by Richard S. Halsey et al.
Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
“Don’t be such a pessimist. I’m sure you’ll soon get over it. Cheer up!”
“Be quick! We must speed up if we don’t want to miss the flight.”
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.
Plants and animals will find it difficult to escape from or adjust to the effects of global warming. Scientists have already observed shifts in the lifecycles of many plants and animals, such as flowers blooming earlier and birds hatching earlier in the spring. Many species have begun shifting where they live or their annual migration patterns due to warmer temperatures.
With further warming, animals will tend to migrate toward the poles and up mountainsides toward higher elevations. Plants will also attempt to shift their ranges, seeking new areas as old habitats grow too warm. In many places, however, human development will prevent these shifts. Species that find cities or farmland blocking their way north or south may become extinct. Species living in unique ecosystems, such as those found in polar and mountaintop regions, are especially at risk because migration to new habitats is not possible. For example, polar bears and marine mammals in the Arctic are already threatened by dwindling sea ice but have nowhere farther north to go.
Projecting species extinction due to global warming is extremely difficult. Some scientists have estimated that 20 to 50 percent of species could be committed to extinction with 2 to 3 Celsius degrees of further Trang 3/6 – Mã đề thi 194 warming. The rate of warming, not just the magnitude, is extremely important for plants and animals. Some species and even entire ecosystems, such as certain types of forest, may not be able to adjust quickly enough and may disappear.
Ocean ecosystems, especially fragile ones like coral reefs, will also be affected by global warming. Warmer ocean temperatures can cause coral to “bleach”, a state which if prolonged will lead to the death of the coral. Scientists estimate that even 1 Celsius degree of additional warming could lead to widespread bleaching and death of coral reefs around the world. Also, increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere enters the ocean and increases the acidity of ocean waters. This acidification further stresses ocean ecosystems.
Question 45: Scientists have observed that warmer temperatures in the spring cause flowers to ______.
Question 46: According to paragraph 2, when their habitats grow warmer, animals tend to move ______.
The pronoun “those” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
The phrase “dwindling sea ice” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
Question 49: It is mentioned in the passage that if the global temperature rose by 2 or 3 Celsius degrees, ______.
Question 50: According to the passage, if some species are not able to adjust quickly to warmer temperatures, ______.
The word “fragile” in paragraph 4 most probably means ______.
Question 52: The bleaching of coral reefs as mentioned in paragraph 4 indicates ______.
A. the water absorption of coral reefs
Question 53: The level of acidity in the ocean is increased by ______.
A. the rising amount of carbon dioxide entering the ocean
Question 54: What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. Influence of climate changes on human lifestyles
Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
Overpopulation, the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space, is closely associated with poverty. It can result from high population density, or from low amounts of resources, or from both. Excessively high population densities put stress on available resources. Only a certain number of people can be supported on a given area of land, and that number depends on how much food and other resources the land can provide. In countries where people live primarily by means of simple farming, gardening, herding, hunting, and gathering, even large areas of land can support only small numbers of people because these labor-intensive subsistence activities produce only small amounts of food.
In developed countries such as the United States, Japan, and the countries of Western Europe, overpopulation generally is not considered a major cause of poverty. These countries produce large quantities of food through mechanized farming, which depends on commercial fertilizers, large-scale irrigation, and agricultural machinery. This form of production provides enough food to support the high densities of people in metropolitan areas.
A country’s level of poverty can depend greatly on its mix of population density and agricultural productivity. Bangladesh, for example, has one of the world’s highest population densities, with 1,147 persons per sq km. A large majority of the people of Bangladesh engage in low-productivity manual farming, which contributes to the country’s extremely high level of poverty. Some of the smaller countries in Western Europe, such as the Netherlands and Belgium, have high population densities as well. These countries practice mechanized farming and are involved in high-tech industries, however, and therefore have high standards of living.
At the other end of the spectrum, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have population densities of less than 30 persons per sq km. Many people in these countries practice manual subsistence farming; these countries also have infertile land, and lack the economic resources and technology to boost productivity. As a consequence, these nations are very poor. The United States has both relatively low population density and high agricultural productivity; it is one of the world’s wealthiest nations.
High birth rates contribute to overpopulation in many developing countries. Children are assets to many poor families because they provide labor, usually for farming. Cultural norms in traditionally rural societies commonly sanction the value of large families. Also, the governments of developing countries often provide little or no support, financial or political, for family planning; even people who wish to keep their families small have difficulty doing so. For all these reasons, developing countries tend to have high rates of population growth.
From “Poverty” by Thomas J. Corbett
Question 55: Which of the following is given a definition in paragraph 1?
Question 56: What will suffer when there are excessively high population densities?
The phrase “that number” in paragraph 1 refers to the number of ______.
Question 58: In certain countries, large areas of land can only yield small amounts of food because ______.
A. there is lack of mechanization
Question 59: Bangladesh is a country where the level of poverty depends greatly on ______.
A. its population density only
The phrase “engage in” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.
The word “infertile” in paragraph 4 probably means ______.
Question 62: Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
Question 63: Which of the following is a contributor to overpopulation in many developing countries?
A. High-tech facilities
Question 64: Which of the following could be the best title for the passage?
A. High Birth Rate and its Consequences
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.
Question 1: If John does not change his working style, he will be sacked soon.