Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6. Thank you for your compliment _______ my achievements.
Question 7. I’m afraid a rise in salary is _______ just now.
Question 8. They laughed a lot last night. The film _______ have been very funny.
Question 9. After the test papers _______ to the students in class tomorrow, the students _______ their next assignment.
A. will return – will be given
Question 10. I have not found the book _______ our teacher advised us to read.
Question 11. If he had tried his best, he _______ accepted to that university.
Question 12. He’d prefer _______ chicken soup rather than _______ eel soup.
Question 13. Barbara is motivated to study _______ she knows that a good education can improve her life.
Question 14. My family is the base from which we can go into the world with _______.
Question 15. _______ signals such as waving, nodding or shaking of the head also have cultural meanings.
Question 16. Air is _______ mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.
Question 17. It is important to have someone you can confide _______.
Question 18. I admired the _______ cars at the car show.
A. expensive new German
Question 19. A quick look would reveal that France has _______ computers.
A. as many twice televisions as
Question 20. Your grades are coming down. You should try to _______ the other students in your class.
Question 21. Only when you become a parent _______ what true responsibility is.
Question 22. It is essential that every student _______ the exam before attending the course.
Minnie: “Oh, thank you. I just got it yesterday.”
A. That’s a beautiful dress you are wearing.
Question 24. Teacher: “Tom, you’ve written a much better essay this time.” Tom: “_______”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Many education courses require both oral and written presentations before degrees are awarded.
Although he is recognized as one of the most brilliant scientists in his field, Professor White cannot seem to make his ideas understoodin class.
Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
I would be happy to go along with the idea.
A. to disagree with the idea
He had never experienced such discourtesy towards the president as it occurred at the annual meeting in May.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The number of students attending the seminar are smaller than registration numbers.
Preceding by four nice children, the bride and the groom entered the wedding hall.
The examination will test your ability to understand spoken English, to read non-technical language, and writing correctly.
The better the weather is, the most crowded the beaches get.
It’s about time you decide whether to enter university or get a job.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 35 to 44.
Speech is one of the most important (35)___ of communicating. It consists of far more than just making noises. To talk and also (36)___ to by other people, we have to speak a language, that is, we have to use combinations of (37)____ that everyone agrees to stand for a particular object or idea. Communication would be impossible if everyone made up their own language. Learning a language properly is very (38)___. The basic (39)____ of English is not very large, and not only about 2,000 words are needed to speak it quite (40)___. But the more idea you can (41)____ the more precise you can be about their exact meaning. Words are the (42)____ thing we use in communicating what we want to say. The way we (43)____ the words is also very important. Our tone of voice can express many emotions and (44)____ whether we are pleased or angry, for instance.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.
Although speech is the most advanced form of communication, there are many ways of communicating without using speech. Signals, signs, symbols, and gestures may be found in every known culture. The basic function of signal is to impinge upon the environment in such a way that itattracts attention, as, for example, the dots and dashes of a telegraph circuit. Coded to refer to speech, the potential for communication is very great. Less adaptable to the codification of words, signs also contain meaning in and of themselves. A stop sign or a barber pole conveys meaning quickly and conveniently.
Symbols are more difficult to describe than either signals or signs because of their intricate relationship with the receiver’s cultural perceptions. In some cultures, applauding in a theater provides performers with an auditory symbol of approval. Gestures such as waving and handshaking also communicate certain cultural messages.
Although signals, signs, symbols, and gestures are very useful, they do have a major disadvantage in communication. They usually do not allow ideas to be shared without the sender being directly adjacent to the receiver. Without an exchange of ideas, interaction comes to a halt. As a result, means of communication intended to be used for long distances and extended periods must be based upon speech. To radio, television, and the telephone, one must add fax, paging systems, electronic mail, and the Internet, and no one doubts but that there are more means of communication on the horizon.
Question 45. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
Question 46. What does the author say about speech?
B. It is the most advanced form of communication.
Question 47. According to the passage, what is a signal?
Question 48. The phrase “impinge upon” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
Question 49. The word “it” in paragraph refers to ________.
Question 50. The word “potential” in paragraph 1 could be replaced by _______.
Question 51. The word “intricate” in paragraph 2 could best be replaced by _______.
Question 52. Applauding was cited as an example of _______.
Question 53. Why were the telephone, radio, and television invented?
A. Because people were unable to understand signs, signals, and symbols.
Question 54. It may be concluded from this passage that _______.
A. only some cultures have signs, signals, and symbols
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
A recent study shows that an unequal share of household chores is still the norm in many households, despite the fact that many more women now have jobs. In a survey of 1,256 people ages between 18 and 65, men said they contributed an average of 37% of the total housework, while the women estimated their share to be nearly double that, at 70%. This ratio was not affected by whether the woman was working or not.
When they were asked what they thought was a fair division of labor, women with jobs felt that housework should be shared equally between male and female partners. Women who did not work outside the home were satisfied to perform 80% – the majority of the household work – if their husbands did remainder. Research has shown that, if levels increase beyond these percentages, women become unhappy and anxious, and feel they are unimportant.
After marriage, a woman is reported to increase her household workload by 14 hours per week, but for men the amount is just 90 minutes. So the division of labor becomes unbalanced, as a man’s share increases much less than the woman’s. It is the inequality and loss of respect, not the actual number of hours, which leads to anxiety and depression. The research describes housework as thankless and unfulfilling. Activities included in the study were cooking, cleaning, shopping, doing laundry, washing up and childcare. Women who have jobs report that they feel overworked by these chores in addition to their professional duties. In contrast, full-time homemakers frequently anticipate going back to work when the children grow up. Distress for this group is caused by losing the teamwork in the marriage.
In cases where men perform most of the housework, results were similar. The men also became depressed by the imbalance of labor. The research showed that the least distressed people are those who have equal share, implying that men could perform significantly more chores and even benefit from this. The research concludes “Everybody benefits from sharing the housework. Even for women keeping house, a share division of labor is important. If you decide to stay at home to raise the children, you don’t want to become the servant of the house”.
Question 55. The word remainder in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______.
Question 56. Although women think men should share the housework, those who don’t have paid job agree to share ______ of the chores.
Question 57. After getting married, ______.
A. women have a bigger house
Question 58. Working women ______.
A. want their partners to do an equal share
Question 59. Women who do not have a job become depressed ______.
A. if they have to do more than half of the housework
Question 60. The word norm in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.
Question 61. According to the passage, a good relationship is the one in which ______.
A. men do more housework than women
Question 62. Objects of the survey were ______.
Question 63. The word estimated in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.
Question 64. What is the most suitable heading for the passage?
A. Difficulties of working women
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.
Question 1. The play started as soon as we arrived at the theatre.
had we arrived at the theatre when the play started
Question 2. The roses are so beautiful that everyone seeing them pays compliments.
are such beautiful roses that everyone seeing them pays compliments
Question 3. We could see the view of the ocean only after the rain stopped.
Not until _______________________________________.
the rain stopped could we see the view of the ocean
Question 4. It was wrong of you not to call the fire brigade at once.
should have called the fire brigade at once
Question 5. “If I were in your shoes, I would try to finish the pre-lab report before carrying out the experiment,” said the professor to his research student.
The professor advised ___________________________________.
his research student to try to finish the pre-lab report before carrying out the experiment