(1) On the night of September 2, 1666, a fire broke out in a baker’s shop near Fish Street Hill in London. Before the flames were finally extinguished, nearty the entreaty had been reduced to ashes. Over thirteen thousand homes, fifty churches and numerous public buildings and hospitals were lost in the blaze. For all practical purposes, London was destroyed.
(4) The Great Fire was not seen as a total tragedy, however. The deplorable conditions of the city had been attacked by physicians and humanitarians for years before the fire; thus, with the opportunity dearly presented to create a shining new dty, artists and craftsmen from all over England hurried to submit their designs for the rebuilding of London.
Among those who submitted plans was Sir Christopher Wren, one of England’s leading architects and the (8) Surveyor of London. The task of rebuilding the city was given to him. Wren realized that the Great Fire would not have been so damaging if the city had been better laid out: broader streets were needed to replace the crooked, narrow alleys overhung with dilapidated wooden houses and shops. He also felt that redesigning the main thoroughfares of London would result in increased and more effective transportation within the city.
Shortly after Wren began working on his first drafts for the rebuilding. King Charles I issued a proclamation (11) prohibiting the construction of any house or shop within the city limits until after the plans were completed. When the plans were unveiled to the citizens of London, however, they were overwhelmingly rejected. The most vocal leaders of the opposition were the landlords, who feared that such a drastic widening of the streets would reduce the amount of land available for development.
(15) Winter was approaching; consequently, it was necessary for the rebuilding to proceed at once. Permission was, therefore, granted for the townspeople and landlords to commence reconstruction of their houses and shops at the sites where they had been before the fire. Had the need for immediate action not been so pressing, some kind of compromise could likely have been reached. This was not to be, however, and the ideas that could have (18) made London one of the world’s most beautiful cities never came to pass.
- A. made unbearably hot
- A. lack of adequate lightning
- A. Nothing – they were never finished.
- A. the original building sites
- A. He feels it would have been a mistake to rebuild London according to Wren’s designs.
- B. He feels it was a mistake for London not to have been rebuilt according to Wren’s designs.
- A. “The Life and Times of Sir Christopher Wren”
Smart shoes that adjust their size throughout the day could soon be available. A prototype has already been produced and a commercial (21)….. may be in production within a few years. The shoe contains sensors that constantly check the amount of room left in it. If the foot has become too large, a tiny valve opens and the shoe (22)….. slightly. The entire control system is about 5mm square and is located inside the shoe. This radical shoe (23)….. a need because the volume of the (24)…… foot can change by as much as 8% during the course of the day. The system is able to learn about the wearer’s feet and (25)…… up a picture of the size of his or her feet throughout the day. It will allow the shoes to change in size by up to 8% so that they always fit (26)……. They are obviously more comfortable and less likely to cause blisters. From an athlete’s point of view, they can help improve (27)…… a little, and that is why the first (28)….. for the system is likely to be in a sports shoe. Eventually, this system will find a (29)…… In many other household items, from beds that automatically change to fit the person sleeping in them, to power tools that (30)…… themselves to the user’s hand for better grip.
- A. nowhere near as ambitious as
- A. causing many people to die
Shadow puppetry is a traditional art form that often goes (41. appreciate)……. in modem times. A large part of the (42. appealable)……. of puppet shows is the (43. craft)……. behind the creation of the actual puppets. In shadow puppetry, on the other hand, the puppets remain (44. see)……., so the real artistry is in the presentation. The combination of the puppets’ shape, the background screen, and the light itself creates the overall effect of the shadow puppet show. The task of the director is to ensure these elements are working together (45. harmony)……. in order to produce the optimal experience for the audience. The screen is the medium through which the audience experiences the performance, so selecting the best screen is among great (46. essential)…….. One unique challenge for the director is that the presentation is two-dimensional. The screen is flat, so puppets can only move forwards and backwards. Having chosen a screen and designed the set, the next step is to determine the light that will be used. There are several factors to be considered: (47. intense)……., spread, and angle. Therefore, finding the optimal (48. combine)……. of light, shadow involves careful (49. plan)…… and scrupulous design. Every detail must be controlled in relation to others, making shadow puppetry an art of (50. precise)…….
Son Doong Cave is in the heart of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh province of Central Vietnam. Only recently (51)……… in 2009-2010 by the British Cave Research Association, the cave has only been open to the (52)……… since 2013.
Fewer people have seen the inside of Son Doong Cave than have stood on the summit of Mount Everest. Join us on this otherworldly expedition and become one of the lucky few (53)……… have had the life changing experience of exploring the world’s largest cave.
Imagine trekking straight into the (54)……… of the world’s largest cave on an expedition unlike any other. A cave is (55)……… massive that a Boeing 747 could fly through its largest cavern. Foreign landscapes found (56) ……… else, enormous stalagmites rising from the ground and statuesque stalactites hanging from the celling like an alien species. Jungles emerge (57)……… the cave itself, which is so surreal that it’s worth seeing once. Misty clouds envelop the whole scene, a result of the cave’s own localised weather system. Passages adorned (58)……… ancient fossils offer evidence of the millions of years that have passed on this Earth.
As you approach the Jungle just outside the entrance, the (59) ………. of cool wind that cascades out brings to life everything inside of you. Hazy, cold and exhilarating, it is apparent that there’s (60)………. magical waiting just beyond the opening to the cave.
- broke down
- occured to me
- put it across
- at your convenience
- didn’t follow the track of
- did not follow the track of
- is under suspicion
- stands a chance of being
- to account for
- hardly any differences between
- is out of the question
- yourself with your study
- subscribing to that magazine nearly a year ago
- the mood for going to the party
- with her friend not to run so fast
- to balancing your diet, you should do sports
- had they arrived when the meeting was delayed
- to pay on time will cancel your booking
- himself on being never late
- blame for the meeting being cancelled
- blame for the cancel of the meeting