Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined pan in each of the following questions.
She is always diplomatic when she deals with angry students.
Nobel’s original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, and the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30, 000 to $125, 000.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consist in essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck covered with a fingerboard, along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of design, shape, and decoration is no accident, the proportions of the instrument are determined entirely by acoustical considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the construction of a violin. Its tone and its outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo instrument. No less important, however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument In I combination with the larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form the nucleus of the modem symphony orchestra. The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument in its own right dates from the early 1600’s, when it first became standard in Italian opera orchestras. Its stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626 Louis XIII of France established at his court the orchestra known as Les vinq-quatre violons du Roy (The King’s 24 Violins), which was to become widely famous later in the century. In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact that the strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely. During the eighteenth and nineteenth century exciting technical changes were inspired by such composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. The instrumental compositions demanded a fuller, clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner strings and a far higher string tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin’s internal structure and to the fingerboard so that they could withstand the extra strain. Accordingly, a higher standard of performance was achieved, in terms of both facility and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably elaborated, and new fingering patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.
Question 31: The word “standard” is closest in meaning to______________ .
Question 32: “The King’s 24 Violins” is mentioned to illustrate_____________ .
Question 33: What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?
Question 34: The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to__________ .
Question 35: According to the passage, early violins were different from modem violins in that early violins
Question 36: According to the passage, which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by a violin?
Question 37: All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern violin music EXCEPT_________________.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the following blanks.
Pollutants are clogging up the atmosphere above our planet and trapping the sun’s heat. That makes our planet warmer, which causes glaciers to melt, crazy weather patterns to develop, and natural disasters spread like wildfires. But there are other consequences that people don’t always associate with climate change. One surprising fact about global warming is that it makes people more aggressive. As the world gets hotter, tempers also get fierier. A new study found that violent crimes and even war become more likely as temperatures rise. Heart rates tend to be elevated in warm weather, so people are prepped for a physical response to a situation. That’s not to say we’re headed for a violent end as Earth warms up, though. Advances in everything from technology to health have sparked a decline in conflict. It’s just that global warming might be slowing that decline.
Question 38: What is trapping the sun’s heat?
Question 39: According to the paragraph 1, all of the following are results of our planet getting warmer EXCEPT
A. Melting glaciers
Question 40: One surprising fact about global warming surprising fact about global warming is that
Question 41: What does the new study found about the causes of rising temperatures?
Question 42: Why are people prepped for a physical response to a situation?
Question 43: The author uses the phrase “headed for” to mean
Question 44: The word “elevated” is closest in meaning to
Question 45: What is the topic of the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence (hat best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Question 46: We cut down many forests. The Earth becomes hot.
Question 47: The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few costumers.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to choose the sentence which is closest in meaning to the given one.
Question 48: Please arrive early because we want to be able to start our meeting early
Question 49: There was no need for you to have left the house in such weather.