Đề thi minh họa kỳ thi THPT quốc gia năm 2015 môn tiếng Anh

Đề thi minh họa kỳ thi THPT quốc gia năm 2015 môn tiếng Anh
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1:
Question 2:
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3:
Question 4:
Question 5:
Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 6: By the time their babies arrive, the Johnsons hope _______ painting the nursery.
Question 7: This is a picture of a _______ bus.
Question 8: Young people have become increasingly committed ______ social activities.
Question 9: He ______ to the doctor after the accident, but he continued to play instead.
  • A. must have gone
Question 10: While everybody else in our class prefers working in groups, Mina likes working ______.
Question 11: Marie Curie, ______, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her work.
  • A. was the scientist who discovered radium
Question 12: ______ about gene-related diseases has increased is welcome news.
  • A. Scientific knowledge
Question 13: ______ he arrived at the bus stop when the bus came.
Question 14: _______, the young mother appeared visibly very happy after the birth of her child.
Question 15: John was in Hanoi and wanted to send a parcel to his parents. He asked a local passer-by the way to the post-office. Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange.
– John: “Can you show me the way to the nearest post office, please?”
– Passer-by: “_______”
Question 16: I knew they were talking about me ______ they stopped when I entered the room.
Question 17: Lora has just bought a new skirt that she likes very much. Choose the most suitable response to fill in the blank in the following exchange.
– Jane: “You look great in that red skirt, Lora!”
– Lora: “_______”
Question 18: This is ______ the most difficult job I have ever tackled.
Question 19: He ______ till the early hours of the next morning listening to pop music.
Question 20: His answer was so confusing that it hardly made ______.
Question 21: My father sometimes ______ the washing up after dinner.
Question 22: Waste paper can be used again after being ______.
Question 23: Since ______has been so poor, the class has been closed.
  • A. attendance
Question 24: He was too sure of himself to pay ______ to the warnings against the danger.
Choose the word(s) SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 25:
The rains of 1993 causing the Missouri river to overflow resulted in one of the worst floods of the 20th century.
Question 26:
I’m becoming increasingly absent-minded. Last week, I locked myself out of my house twice.
  • A. being considerate of things
Question 27:
Many young children are spending large amounts of time watching the TV without being aware of its detriment to their school work.
Question 28:
Ms Stanford is an unusually prolific author. She has written a large number of books these years, some of which are best-sellers.
Question 29:
As the enemy forces were so overwhelming, our troops had to retreat to a safer position.
Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 30:
The collecting of postage stamps is a hobby that interest people of all ages and all walks of life.
Question 31:
Experts in climatology and other scientists are becoming extreme concerned about the changes to our climate which are taking place.
Question 32:
Santa’s transformation began in 1823, when a New York newspaper published the poem A Visit from Saint Nicholas, that Clement Clark Moore had written to amuse his daughter.
Question 33:
It is thought that the unusual warming of the Earth has been caused by so-called greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, being emitting into the atmosphere by car engines and factories.
Question 34:
The world is becoming more industrialized and the number of animal species that have become extinct have increased.
Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

Higher Education in the UKStudents who have successfully completed an A-level course may go to university to do (35) ______ three- or four-year course leading to a first degree such as Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Science (BSc), etc. They apply to several universities which then (36) ______ an offer of a place specifying the minimum grades the student needs to obtain in the A level subjects studied. Higher education is not (37) ______. In principle, students have to pay a contribution to the cost of teaching (tuition fees) and have also to pay their living costs (maintenance). The government provides (38) ______ to help them pay for university education which have to be paid back from earnings once their income reaches a certain (39) ______. In recent years government policy has been to (40)______ the percentage of 18-year olds (41)______ go to university, which is now, at 40%, double the 1990 figure, but this growth has been at the (42) ______ of the amount of financial support given to individual students. Universities receive money (43) ______ the state for each student and are responsible for employing staff and deciding which courses to offer. The head of a university, who is (44) ______ for its management, is called a vice-chancellor.

Question 35:
Question 36:
Question 37:
Question 38:
Question 39:
Question 40:
  • A. rise
Question 41:
Question 42:
Question 43:
Question 44:
Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 45 to 54.

Early peoples had no need of engineering works to supply their water. Hunters and nomads camped near natural sources of fresh water, and populations were so sparse that pollution of the water supply was not a serious problem. After community life developed and agricultural villages became urban centres, the problem of supplying water became important for inhabitants of a city, as well as for irrigation of the farms surrounding the city. Irrigation works were known in prehistoric times, and before 2000 BC the rulers of Babylonia and Egypt constructed systems of dams and canals to impound the flood waters of the Euphrates and Nile rivers, controlling floods and providing irrigation water throughout the dry season. Such irrigation canals also supplied water for domestic purposes. The first people to consider the sanitation of their water supply were the ancient Romans, who constructed a vast system of aqueducts to bring the clean waters of the Apennine Mountains into the city and built basins and filters along thesemains to ensure the clarity of the water. The construction of such extensive water-supply systems declined when the Roman Empire disintegrated, and for several centuries local springs and wells formed the main source of domestic and industrial water.The invention of the force pump in England in the middle of the 16th century greatly extended the possibilities of development of water-supply systems. In London, the first pumping waterworks was completed in 1562; it pumped river water to a reservoir about 37 m above the level of the River Thames and from the reservoir the water was distributed by gravity, through lead pipes, to buildings in the vicinity.

Increased per-capita demand has coincided with water shortages in many countries. Southeast England, for example, receives only 14 per cent of Britain’s rainfall, has 30 per cent of its population, and has experienced declining winter rainfall since the 1980s.

In recent years a great deal of interest has been shown in the conversion of seawater to fresh water to provide drinking water for very dry areas, such as the Middle East. Several different processes, including distillation, electrodialysis, reverse osmosis, and direct-freeze evaporation, have been developed for this purpose. Some of these processes have been used in large facilities in the United States. Although these processes are successful, the cost of treating seawater is much higher than that for treating fresh water.

From A. Briggs’ article on culture, Microsoft® Student 2008

Question 45: Early peoples didn’t need water supply engineering works because ______.
Question 46: The word “impound” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to “______”.
Question 47: Clean water supply was first taken into consideration by ______.
Question 48: For several centuries after the disintegration of the Roman Empire, the main source of water supply was from ______.
  • A. springs and wells
Question 49: The word “mains” in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by “______”.
Question 50: Which of the following is NOT true about London’s water supply in the middle of the 16th century?
  • A. Water was pumped from the River Thames.
Question 51: The word “vicinity” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
  • A. the cities in South-east England
Question 52: One of the causes of water shortages in South-east England is ______.
  • A. water pollution
Question 53: Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a process of conversing seawater to freshwater?
  • A. Steaming and cooling.
Question 54: In the passage, the author mainly discusses ______.
  • A. the development of water supply
Read the following passage and choose the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
Sleep is a natural process, and although a lot have been written about the subject, it is still surrounded by mystery. It is used by some as an escape from the world, and regarded by others as an irritating waste of time: some people get by on very little, others claim they cannot exist without at least ten hours, but nobody can do without sleep completely.

Our night’s sleep does not just consist of a steady phase of gradually deepening sleep. It alternates between two stages: Non-dreaming or ordinary sleep, and REM (rapid eye movement) or dreaming sleep. As soon as we fall asleep, we go straight into non-dreaming sleep for an hour or so, then into REM sleep for about 15 minutes, then back into non-dreaming sleep. It alternates in this way for the rest of the night, with non-dreaming sleep tending to last longer at the beginning of the night. Non-dreaming sleep occupies three-quarters of our night’s sleep, about a quarter of it deep and the rest fairly light.

It is widely believed that sleep repairs the body and makes good the damage caused by being awake. However, its main function is to refresh the brain. Experts believe that probably only about two-thirds of our sleep is necessary for repairing and refreshing the brain, with the most valuable sleep coming in the first few hours of the non-dreaming period, the last few hours of sleep are not so essential. The brain can manage quite well with reduced sleep as long as it is uninterrupted sleep.

The quality of sleep is important. A study conducted in the USA looked at short sleepers, who slept for 5.5 hours on average, and long sleepers, who had 8.5 hours or more. It is discovered after a variety of tests that the long sleepers were poor sleepers, had twice as much REM sleep as the short sleepers, appeared to sleep longer to make up for poor sleep, and did not wake up in the morning refreshed. Similarly, people who sleep deeply do not necessarily get a better quality of sleep than shallow sleepers. Deep sleepers can feel tired the following day, so six hours of good sleep is worth more than eight hours of troubled sleep.

From Awakening to Sleep – American Psychological Association
Question 55: It can be concluded from the first paragraph that ______.
  • A. people need equal time of sleep
Question 56:
The word “irritating” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______.
Question 57: All the following statements are true, EXCEPT for ______.
Question 58: The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to ______.
Question 59: The word “occupies” in paragraph 2 could be best replaced by ______.
Question 60: Unlike the common belief, sleep helps ______.
  • A. not to be awake
Question 61: The study discussed in the reading passage suggests that ______.
  • A. the fewer hours we sleep, the more we dream
Question 62: Which of the following is NOT discussed in the passage?
  • A. The role of the sleep .
Question 63: It can be inferred from the reading passage that ______.
Question 64: This passage is the most likely taken from ______.

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