Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 01 to 10.
Early writing and Alphabets
When people first began to write, they did not use an alphabet. Instead, they drew small pictures to (01) ______ the objects they were writing about. This was very slow because there was a different picture for (02) ______ word.
The Ancient Egyptians had a (03) ______ of picture writing that was (04) ______ hieroglyphics. The meaning of this writing was forgotten for a very long time but in 1799 some scientists (05) ______ a stone near Alexandria, in Egypt. The stone had been there for (06) ______ a thousand years. It had both Greek and hieroglyphics on it and researchers were finally able to understand what the hieroglyphics meant.
An alphabet is quite different (07) ______ picture writing. It (08) ______ of letters or symbols that represent a sound and each sound is just part of one word. The Phoenicians, (09) ______ lived about 3,000 years ago, developed the modern alphabets. It was later improved by the Roman’s and this alphabet is now used (10) ______ throughout the world.
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Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 14: One difference between mathematics and language is that mathematics is precise _________.
A. language is not
Question 15: Seldom _________ far enough north to disturb South Pacific shipping lanes.
A. Antarctic icebergs will move
Question 16: _________ the United States consists of many different immigrant groups, many sociologists believe there is a distinct national character.
Question 17: The article analyzes the impact of the tax base _______ real estate prices and sales.
Question 18: She _______ to the station every day but then she suddenly decided to walk instead.
Question 19: If I ______ following that other car too closely, I would have been able to stop in the time instead of running into it.
Question 20: Our village had _______ money available for education that the schools had to close.
Question 21: Fort Niagara was built by the French in 1762 on land ______ the Seneca Indians.
Question 22: Experts ______ feel that they are related to the deep wishes and fears of the dreamer.
Question 23: Art critics and historians alike claim that Van Gogh’s art ______ from that of his contemporaries.
A. is a considerable difference
Question 24: Most countries spend a large portion of their budgets _______ for their citizens.
A. education provided
Question 25: Renoir is one of the most popular French impressionist painters. His paintings _______ masterpieces all over the world.
Question 26: Sheila Hammond, who was only twenty-three when she was elected as a Member of Parliament, said she owed her success all to the way she had been ________ by her mother, Margaret.
Question 27: Ken and Tom are high-school students. They meet each other at a gallery but Ken is in a hurry.
Ken: “I’ve got to go, Tom. So long” Tom: “So long, Ken. And _______.”
Question 28: We need _______ actions and interventions of the local authorities to prevent national parks from being destroyed by pollution.
Question 29: Mike and Lane are neighbors. They are talking about Lane’s party. Mike: “Thank you for a lovely evening” Lane: “________”
Question 30: We all seem to have a different opinion, so let’s Joey decide, ______?
Question 31: No one can decline the _______ of the Alaskan wildness.
A. breath-taking scene
Question 32: A quick look would reveal that France has twice ____________ computers.
A. more television than
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), was established in 1946.
Question 36: Paris is the ideal place to learn French; it’s a beautiful and hospitable city with Institutions for high quality linguistic teaching.
Species that have already lost habitat because of deforestation are given higher priority in the plan because of their greater risk of extinction.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The scholarship that Wilson received to study history at Cambridge presented an unique opportunity.
Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, disappeared on June 1937 while attempting to fly around the world.
The closer it gets to December 21, the first day of winter, the short the days become.
Alice in Wonderland, first published in 1865, has since being translated into thirty languages.
Modern art is on display at the Guggenheim Museum, a building with an unusually design.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 52.
A rather surprising geographical feature of Antarctica is that a huge freshwater, one of the world’s largest and deepest, lies hidden there under four kilometers of ice. Now known as Lake Vostok, this huge body of water is located under the ice block that comprises Antarctica. The lake is able to exist in its unfrozen state beneath this block of ice because its waters are warned by geothermal heat from the earth’s core. This thick glacier above Lake Vostok actually insulates it from frigid temperatures (the lowest ever recorded on Earth) on the surface.The lake was first discovered in the 1970s while a research team was conducting an aerial survey of the area. Radio waves from the survey equipment penetrated the ice and revealed a body of water of indeterminate size. It was not until much more recently that data collected by satellite made scientists aware of the tremendous size of the lake; satellite-borne radar detected an extremely flat region where the ice remains level because it is floating on the water of the lake.
The discovery of such a huge fresh water lake trapped under Antarctica is of interest to the scientific community because of the potential that the lake contains ancient microbes that have survived for thousands upon thousands of years, unaffected by factors such as nuclear fallout and elevated ultraviolet light that have conducting research on the lake in such a harsh climate and in the problems associated with obtaining uncontaminated sampled from the lake without actually exposing the lake to contamination. Scientists are looking for possible ways to accomplish this.
Question 43: The purpose of the passage is to __________.
A .explain how Lake Vostok was discovered
Question 44: The word “lies” in the first paragraph could be best be replaced by ______.
Question 45: What is true of Lake Vostok?
A. It is completely frozen.
Question 46: Which of the following is closest in meaning to “Frigid” in the first paragraph?
Question 47: All of the following are true about the 1970 survey of Antarctica EXCEPT that it ________.
Question 48: It can be interfered from the passage that ice would not be flat if _______.
Question 49: The word “microbes” in paragraph 3 could best be replaced by which of the following?
Question 50: The passage mentions which of the following as a reason for the importance of Lake Vostok to scientists?
Question 51: The word “downside” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to_________.
Question 52: The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses________.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of t he following questions.
There have been significant changes in women’s lives since the women’s liberation movement.
In 1989, a ban was given on all international trade in ivory.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 55 to 64.
Harvard University, today recognized as part of the top echelon of the world’s universities, came from very inauspicious and humble beginning.This oldest of American universities was founded in 1636, just sixteen years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth. Included in the puritan emigrants to the Massachusetts colony during this period were more than 100 graduates of England’s prestigious Oxford and Cambridge universities, and these universities graduates in the New Word were determined that their sons would have the same educational opportunities that they themselves had had, because of this support in the colony for an institution of higher learning, the General Court of Massachusetts appropriated 400 pounds for a college in October of 1636 and early the following year decided on a parcel of land for the school; this land was in an area called Newetowne, which was later renamed Cambridge after its English cousin and is the site of the present-day university.
When a young minister named John Harvard, who came from the neighboring town of Charlestowne, died from tuberculosis in 1638, he willed half of his estate of 1,700 pounds to the fledgling college. In spite of the fact that only half of the bequest was actually paid, the General Court named the college after the minister in appreciation for what he had done. The amount of the bequest may not have been large, particularly by today’s standard, but it was more than the General Court had found it necessary to appropriate in order to open the college.
Henry Dunster was appointed the first president of Harvard in 1640, and it should be noted that in addition to serving as president, he was also the entire faculty, with an entering freshmen class of four students. Although the staff did expand somewhat, for the first century of its existence the entire teaching staff consisted of the president and three or four tutors
Question 55: The main idea of this passage is that_________.
Question 56: The passage indicates that Harvard is ___________.
Question 57: It can be inferred from the passage that the Puritans who traveled to the Massachusetts colony were__________.
A. Rather well educated
Question 58: The pronoun “they” in the second paragraph refers to _____.
A. Oxford and Cambridge universities
Question 59: The “pounds” in the second paragraph are probably_______.
Question 60: The “ English cousin” in the second paragraph refers to a _______.
Question 61: Which of the following is NOT mentioned about John Harvard?
A. What he died of
Question 62: The word “fledgling” in the third paragraph could be best replaced by which of the following?
Question 63: The passage implies that_______.
Question 64: The word “somewhat” in the last paragraph could best be replaced by_______.
Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it. Write your answers on your answer sheet.
Question 1: “I don’t know what you are talking about,” George said to me.
George said to me that _________________________________________.
he didn’t know what I was talking about
he did not know what I was talking about
Question 2: They have just sold the last ticket for the performance to a student.
The last ticket _____________________________________________.
for the performance has just been sold out to a student
Question 3: The school children sowed some seeds, but they forgot to water them so they didn’t grow.
If the school children__________________________________________.
has remembered to water some seeds, they would have grown
hadn’t forgotten to water some seeds, they would have grown
had not forgotten to water some seeds, they would have grown
Question 4: Collecting stamps from foreign countries is one of Jane’s interests.
Jane is _______________________________.
interested in collecting stamps from foreign countries
Question 5: The Roman coins are now on display in the national Museum. A local farmer came across them in a field.
The Roman coins which ______________________________________.
a local farmer came across in a field are now on display in the National Museum