Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.
He was not a good father. He neglected his children.
She is a very kind-hearted, quiet woman.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 3: Up to now, _______ space exploring still remains _______ very risky, complex, and expensive endeavor.
Question 4: Allan: “Do you mind if I use your dictionary?” Nick: “_______.”
Question 5: The higher one rises in the atmosphere, ______ the temperature generally becomes.
Question 6: I _____ the sales manager now if I _____ such a terrible mistake.
A. would have been/ had not made
Question 7: With the help of modern devices, those who suffer hearing or vision ____ find life easier.
Question 8: We should study hard ___________ our parents can be proud of us.
Question 9: ______ humans, toads have tongues fastened at the front of their mouths, which allow them to catch insects.
Question 10: It was not until she arrived at school ______ realized she had forgotten her book.
Question 11: Jane: What about going out for a walk after supper? Jimmy: _____. Walking after meals is good for health.
Question 12: M. Jackson, ______ combined powerful vitality with great dignity, was one of the best known gospel singers in the United States.
Question 13: ______ 1772, Maryland’s state capitol is still in use and is one of the most attractive public buildings in the United States.
Question 14: Concert dates are not guaranteed and are subject to changes, modifications, or ______.
Question 15: My education has given me a ______ view of life.
Question 16: I’m sorry, but I’ve got ______ much work to do to come to the beach today.
Question 17: Written to be performed on _______, Wilder’s play OUR TOWN depicts the life in a New England community.
A. scenery bare of stage
Question 18: The workers decided to ______ until their demands were met.
Question 19: Color and light, taken together, _____ the aesthetic impact of the interior of a building.
A. influence powerfully very
Question 20: Many plant and animal species are now in _________ of extinction.
Question 21: You _________ to your teacher like that. It was very rude.
A. wouldn’t have talked
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Although population and sedentary living were increasing at the time, there is little evidence that people lacked adequate food resources.
It has been suggested that some early cultivation was for medicinal and ceremonial plants rather than for food.
When preparing a diet, a person should be aware that vitamin D acts to increase the amount of calcium absorbed by the body.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
The wave lengths of ultraviolet light are shorter than that of visible light but longer than those of X-rays.
Cameras of one type or another have been using for more than a hundred years.
The main rotor and tail rotor of a helicopter make the same job as the wings, propellers, and rubber of an airplane.
In addition to oil refining and international banking, Panama is also known for growing bananas, pineapples, and sugar.
Willa Cather is known for My Antonia and another novels of the American frontier.
Read the following passage, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase for each of the blanks.
The role of translation enabling literature to pass beyond its natural frontiers is receiving growing recognition. In view of the general increase in this (30) _____, it is not surprising that many people with literary interests and a knowledge of languages should think of adopting translating as a full-or part-time (31) _____. Some advice may usefully be given to such would-be translators.
The first difficulty the beginner will (32) _____ is the unwillingness of publishers to entrust a translator to anyone who has not already (33) _____ a reputation for sound work. The least publishers will (34) _____ before commissioning a translator is a fairly lengthy specimen of the applicant’s work, even if unpublished. Perhaps the best way the would-be translator can begin is to select some books of the type (35) _____ he or she feels competent and eager to translate, translate a (36) _____ section of the book and then submit the book and the translation to a suitable publisher. If he or she is extremely lucky, this may result in a commission to translate the book. More probably, however, publishers will (37) _____ the book as such but if they are favorably (38) _____ by the translation, they may very possibly commission some other books of a (39) _____ nature which they already have in mind.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
The custom of paying a bride price before marriage is still a well-established part of many African cultures. In paying a bride price, the family of the groom must provide payment to the family of the bride before the marriage is allowed. The bride price can vary greatly from culture to culture in Africa. In the Zulu and Swazi tribes of southern Africa, the bride price often takes the form of cattle. In Western African, kola nuts, shells, and other goods are often used for the payment of the bride price. The actual payment of money sometimes takes place, but the payment of goods is more frequent. The amount of paid in a bride price can also vary. In modern times, the bride price is occasionally quite small and its value is mainly symbolic. However, the bride price can still be quite high, especially among prominent or highly traditional families.
There are a number of justifications used to explain the payment of bride price. The first is that the bride price represents an acknowledgement of the expense the bride’s family has gone in order to raise her and bring her up as a suitable bride for the groom. It also represents payment for the loss of a family member, since the bride will officially become a member of her husband’s family and will leave her own. On a deeper level the bride price represents payment for the fact that the bride will bring children into the family of the groom, thereby increasing the wealth of the family. This concept is reinforced by the fact that the bride price must often be returned if the bride fails to bear children.
The payment of the bride price has quite a number of effects on African society. First, the payment of bride price acts to increase the stability of African family structures. Sons are dependent on their fathers and older relatives to help them pay the bride price of their wives, and this generally leads to greater levels of obedience and respect. The negotiations between the two families concerning the bride price allow the parents and other family members to meet and get to know one another before the marriage. Finally, since the bride price must often be repaid in case of divorce, the bride’s family often works to make sure that any marital problems are solved quickly. Bride prices also work as a system of wealth distribution in African cultures. Wealthier families can afford to support the marriage of their son, and thus their wealth is transferred to other families.
Question 40: Based on the information in paragraph 1, the term bride price can best be explained as _______.
A. the costs associated with a traditional wedding
Question 41: According to paragraph 1, all of the following are true of the bride price EXCEPT ______.
A. its amount and form can vary
Question 42: Why does the author mention the payment of money?
A. To illustrate how the practice of bride price has changed over time.
Question 43: The word “prominent” in the passage is closest in meaning to _______.
Question 44: The phrase “The first” in the passage refers to the first _________.
Question 45: It can be inferred from the paragraph 2 that African families ________.
A. place great importance on childbirth
Question 46: Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the underlined sentence in the passage?
Question 47: The author uses the word “marital” to indicate that the problems are related to ________.
Question 48: According to paragraph 3, the initial negotiations over the bride price help ensure the stability of the family because _________.
Question 49: The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses __________.
A. the advantage to the system of pride price
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
The pain of a migraine headache can virtually disable a person who suffers from it. Millions and millions of people suffer from migraines, although many of them do not even recognize that a migraine is different from a regular headache. A migraine is not at all the same as a normal headache, and it seems to have a very physical cause.
One symptom of a migraine is a precursor, which is a visual aura before an attack. Yet only about a third of patients actually experience that, and it is, therefore, not a requirement in the diagnosis. Other symptoms include increased pain when a person moves, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound.
Scientists now believe that migraines are caused, not by abnormal blood vessels as previously believed, but instead by a unique electrical disorder of brain cells. Physicians used to treat migraines with medicine to constrict blood vessels because of the belief that dilated blood vessels were the cause.
The new research has been enhanced by imaging devices that allow scientists to watch patients’ brains during an attack. The results show that sufferers have abnormally excitable neurons, or brain nerve cells. Prior to the attack, the neurons suddenly fire off electrical pulses at the back of the brain, which ripple like waves on a lake after a stone hits the water. They ripple across the top and then the back of the brain, ultimately affecting the brain stem where the pain centers are located. The pain then generates possibly from the brain stem itself or from blood vessels inflamed by the rapidly changing blood flow, or perhaps from both.
Scientists have experimented by applying a powerful magnet to stimulate the neurons and discovered that some people’s brains react differently than others’. When stimulation was applied to the brains of people who had suffered migraines, they saw the initial aura, and some actually suffered migraines. When the same stimulation was applied to the brains of people who had never suffered migraines, they realized no effect and the neurons showed no change.
Scientists and doctors continue to work on the research in an attempt to find the perfect treatment. It is considered important to treat migraines because it is believed that prolonged untreated attacks could cause physical changes in the brain leading to chronic pain.
Question 50: The author implies that a migraine _______.
A. is caused by the same things that cause a headache
Question 51: The word it in paragraph 1 refers to ______.
Question 52: The prior treatment for migraines included medicine that ______.
A. tightened blood vessels
Question 53: The word “enhanced” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to ________.
Question 54: The new research indicates that the neurons in the brain of migraine sufferers ______.
A. have more electrical charge than those of people who do not suffer migraines
Question 55: Scientists have recently learned more about the cause of migraines from _____.
A. using imaging devices that allow one to watch the neurons
Question 56: According to the passage, scientists now know that unusual neurons in certain people are the cause of migraines, they ________.
A. know that the defective neurons reside in the brain stem
Question 57: Scientists have caused neurons to react by applying ________.
Question 58: The best title for this passage would be what?
A. Imaging As a Means of Studying Migraines
Question 59: Researchers believe that long-term migraine sufferers _______.
A. can suffer physical changes in the brain and be in chronic pain
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions
B. PHẦN TỰ LUẬN
Part 1. Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it.
Question 65: I have never read such an interesting article about space exploration.
It is ___________________________________.
the first time I have ever read such an interesting article about space exploration
the first time I have read such an interesting article about space exploration
Question 66: Sue was friendly, but Simon didn’t like her.