I. Choose the word whose bold part is pronounced differently.
II. Choose the word with a different stress pattern.
III. Choose the word or phrase that best fits the gap in each sentence.
11) He‟s the most distinguished scientist in his ….. .
12) There has been a great ……in his English.
13) .……the fighting stopped, travel across the country has been quite safe.
14) You can leave the money with him. He‟s totally ………. .
15) The taxi ……arrive at nine, but it never turned up.
16) Helen asked me …………….. the film called “Star Wars”.
17) The rescuers …..find the two missing children in the ruined building after two days searching.
18) She lifted the phone receiver, ……… slightly.
19) Joanna was the only student ……..a special scholarship for the training course.
20) I would sooner you …………………… the office phone for personal purpose.
21) He always did well at school …………………. having his early education disrupted by illness.
22) We put his rude manner ………………… ignorance of our British customs.
23) Governments should ………………… international laws against terrorism.
24) What made Peter …………………. his family and his job? Where did he go and why?
25) – “Ooh! “Shakespeare in Love” on Channel Four!”
26) – “School is going to finish.”
27) The Swedish scientist ……………….. to people who have done something important to help mankind.
28) Overexposure to the sun can produce ……………. can some toxic chemicals.
29) . “Titanic”, the highest grossing film ever, features Kate Winslett and Leonardo d’Caprio as starcrossed lovers ……………… on the doomed ship.
30) Whole-grain food products ………………….. in most large supermarkets across the United States and Canada.
IV. Choose the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part of the given sentence.
There is no thing to make it likely or certain that he will be at the party.
The dog is not well. We have to take it to see the person who treats sick animals.
33) In Africa, many children die from not having enough food.
34) Give me a not long account of what happened.
The three-year-old boy has a cycle with three wheels.
V. Choose the sentence that has the same meaning with the one given.
36) Although Christopher was the stronger of the two, his attacker soon overpowered him
37) What you have been saying is beside the point.
38) He could have gone by bus and so saved a lot of money.
39) I have every intention of finding out who is responsible for the graffiti.
40) What a surprise to see you here!
41) Mrs. Scott prides herself on her beauty.
42) ‘If only I’d learnt to drive,’ said Roger
43) Mary must have forgotten about our meeting.
44) Mr. Bridges is by far the richest man I know.
45) It’s thought that the accident was caused by human error.
VI. Read the passage, then choose the correct answer to each of the questions that follow.
Both the number and the percentage of people in the United States involved in nonagricultural pursuits expanded rapidly during the half century following the Civil War, with some of the most dramatic increases occurring in the domains of transportation, manufacturing, and trade and distribution. The development of the railroad and telegraph systems during the middle third of the nineteenth century led to significant improvements in the speed, volume, and regularity of shipments and communications, making possible a fundamental transformation in the production and distribution of goods.
In agriculture, the transformation was marked by the emergence of the grain elevators, the cotton presses, the warehouses, and the commodity exchanges that seemed to so many of the nation’s farmers the visible sign of a vast conspiracy against them. In manufacturing, the transformation was marked by the emergence of a “new factory system” in which plants became larger, more complex, and more systematically organized and managed. And in distribution, the transformation was marked by the emergence of the jobber, the wholesaler, and the mass retailer. These changes radically altered the nature of work during the half century between 1870 and 1920.
To be sure, there were still small workshops, where skilled craftspeople manufactured products ranging from newspapers to cabinets to plumbing fixtures. There were the sweatshops in city tenements, where groups of men and women in household settings manufactured clothing or cigars on a piecework basis. And there were factories in occupations such as metalwork where individual contractors presided over what were essentially handicraft proprietorships that coexisted within a single buildings. But as the number of wage earners in manufacturing rose from 2.7 million in 1880 to 4.5 million in 1900 and to 8.4 million in 1920, the number of huge plants like the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Philadelphia burgeoned, as did the size of the average plant. (The Baldwin Works had 600 employees in 1855, 3,000 in 1875, and 8,000 in 1900.) By 1920, at least in the northeastern United States where most of the nation’s manufacturing wage earners were concentrated, three-quarters of those worked in factories with more than 100 employees and 30 percent worked in factories with more than 1,000 employees.
46) The word “domains” in line 3 is closest in meaning to
47) What can be inferred from the passage about the agricultural sector of the economy after the Civil War?
48) The word “fundamental” in line 7 is closest in meaning to
49) Which of the following was NOT mentioned as part of the “new factory system?”
50) Which of the following statements about manufacturing before 1870 can be inferred from the passage?
51) The word “skilled” in line 15 is closest in meaning to
52) The words “presided over” in line 19 are closest in meaning to
53) The author mentions the Baldwin Locomotive Works in lines 21-22 because it was
In ancient times wealth was measured and exchanged tangibly, in things that could be touched: food, tools, and precious metals and stones. Then barter system was replaced by coins, which still had real value since they were pieces of rare metal. Coins were followed by flat money, paper notes that have value only because everyone agrees to accept them.
Today electronic monetary systems are gradually being introduced that will transform money into even less tangible forms, reducing it to arrays of “bits and bytes” or units of computerized information, whizzing between machines at the speed of light. Already, electronic fund transfer allows money to be instantly sent and received by different banks, companies, and countries through computers and telecommunication devices.
54) Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
55) According to the passage, which of the following was the earliest kind of exchange of wealth?
56) The author mentions food, tools and precious metals and stones because they are all
57) According to the passage, coins once had real value as currency because they
58) Which of the following statements about computerized monetary systems is NOT supported by the passage?
VII. Choose the word that best fits each gap in the passage.
THE FOUR-YEAR-OLD UNDERGRADUATE
A child prodigy (59) ….. four is receiving computer lessons at Brunei university, in London. Nicholas MacMahon is studying at university because he is (60) …. clever for school. A(n) (61) ….. lecturer at the university, Valso Koshy, said that the boy was remarkably intelligent.
Nicholas spoke (62) ….before he was one and (63) ….the time he was 18 months old he was taking telephone (64) ….. . This was soon followed by conversational French. These are the trademarks of a highly gifted child, unusual but not unique. The strange thing (65) …. Nicholas is his reading – he taught himself to read before he could speak. Ms. Koshy, an expert (66) …. gifted children, says Nicholas is quite exceptional. Yet “exceptional” underrates his amazing (67) …. to read, almost from birth. “He was talking when he was one and we realized from start that he could read,” his father said. “Soon after, he was (68) ….my spelling, words (69) …. caterpillar. Now he (70) ……insects by their Latin names.‟
The list of (71) …. is impressive, but frightening. A four-year-old who can (72) …. a Boeing 747 from a DC 10, devours encyclopedias, read The Daily Telegraph and is (73) …. on the way to becoming a violin virtuoso is hardly normal.
VIII. Choose which of the underlined parts in each sentence needs correction.
Measles (A) have not (B) yet been eradicated (C) because of the controversy (D) concerning immunization.
(A) With the discovery of Pluto’s moon, Charon, (B) astronomy now think that Pluto is (C) thesmallest planet in the (D) solar system.
For (A) more than 450 years, Mexico City (B) has been the economic, (C) culture and political centre of (D) Mexican people.
Some paper dolls, (A) which were (B) once relatively cheap, are (C) previously considered valuable (D) collectors’ items.
(A) Adult education (B) became (C) increasingly popular in (D) the United States in recent years.
79) The Aswan High Dam (A) has protected Egypt (B) from famines (C) suffered by (D) their neighbouring countries
(A) The scientists from China‟s Research Institute (B) have given a detailed (C) prescription of the virus (D) that causes H7N9 influenza